Standard Precautions are a set of infection control practices that healthcare personnel use to reduce transmission of microorganisms in healthcare settings.
Standard Precautions protect both healthcare personnel and patients from contact with infectious agents.
Hand hygiene (hand-washing with soap and water or use of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer) before and after patient contact and after contact with the immediate patient care environment.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) when exposure to blood, body fluids, excretions, secretions (except sweat), mucous membranes, or non-intact skin is anticipated. PPE includes:
Standard Precautions should be used by healthcare personnel caring for patients regardless of the patient’s diagnosis and whether or not the patient is known to have a communicable infection. In other words, Standard Precautions should be used for all patients, all the time.
Infections are a serious problem in healthcare facilities.
Every year, an estimated 2 million patients get a hospital-related infection.
90,000 die from their infection.
HAND RUB (foam and gel)